CHAPTER IX International Copyright

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 CHAPTER IX

International Copyright

40. Power to extend copyright to foreign works.-- The Central Government may, by

97

order

published in the Official Gazette, direct that all or any provisions of this Act shall apply-

(a) to work first published in any class territory outside India to which the order relates in like manner

as if they were first published within India;

(b) to unpublished works, or any class thereof, the authors whereof were at the time of the making of

the work, subjects or citizens of a foreign country to which the order relates, in like manner as if the

authors were citizens of India;

(c) in respect of domicile in any territory outside India to which the order relates in like manner as if

such domicile were in India;

(d) to any work of which the author was at the date of the first publication thereof, or, in a case where

the author was dead at that date, was at the time of his death, a subject or citizen of a foreign country

to which the order relates in like manner as if the author was a citizen of lndia at that date or time;

and thereupon, subject to the provisions of this Chapter and of the order, this Act shall apply

accordingly:

Provided that-

(i) before making an order under this section in respect of any foreign country (other than a country

with which India has entered into a treaty or which is a party to a convention relating to copyright to

which India is also a party), the Central Government shall be satisfied that that foreign country has

made, or has undertaken to make, such provisions if any, as it appears to the Central Government

expedient to require for the protection in that country of works entitled to copyright under the

provisions of this Act;

(ii) the order may provide that the provisions of this Act shall apply either generally or in relation to

such classes of works or such classes of cases as may be specified in the order;

(iii) the order may provide that the term of copyright in India shall not exceed that conferred by the

law of the country to which the order relates;

(iv) the order may provide that the enjoyment of the rights conferred by this Act shall be subject to the

accomplishment of such conditions and formalities, if any, as may be prescribed by the order;

(v) in applying the provisions of this Act as to ownership of copyright, the order may make such

exceptions and modifications as appear necessary, having regard to the law of the foreign country;

(vi) the order may provide that this Act or any part thereof shall not apply to works made before the

commencement of the order or that this Act or any part thereof small not apply to works first

published before the commencement of the order. 

98A

 "40A. (1) If the Central Government is satisfied that a foreign country (other than a country with

which India has entered into a treaty or which is a party to a convention relating to rights of

broadcasting organisations and performers to which India is also a party) has made or has

undertaken to make such provisions, if any, as it appears to the Central Government expedient to

require, for the protection in that foreign country, of the rights of broadcasting organisations and performers as is available under this Act, it may, by order published in the Official Gazette, direct that

the provisions of Chapter VIII shall apply -

(a) to broadcasting organisations whose headquarters is situated in a country to which the order

relates or, the broadcast was transmitted from a transmitter situated in a country to which the order

relates as if the headquarters of such organisation were situated in India or such broadcast were

made from India;

(b) to performances that took place outside India to which the order relates in like manner as if they

took place in India;

(c) to performances that are incorporated in a sound recording published in a country to which the

order relates as if it was published in India;

(d) to performances not fixed on a sound recording broadcast by a broadcasting organisation the

headquarters of which is located in a country to which the order relates or where the broadcast is

transmitted from a transmitter which is situated in a country to which the order relates as if the

headquarters of such organisation were situated in India or such broadcast were made from India.

(2) Every order made under sub-section (1) may provide that -

(i) the provisions of Chapter VIII shall apply either generally or in relation to such class or classes of

broadcasts or performances or such other class or classes of cases as may be specified in the order;

(ii) the term of the rights of broadcasting organisations and performers in India shall not exceed such

term as is conferred by the law of the country to which the order relates;

(iii) the enjoyment of the rights conferred by Chapter VIII shall be subject to the accomplishment of

such conditions and formalities, if any, as may be specified in that order;

(iv) Chapter VIII or any part thereof shall not apply to broadcast and performances made before the

commencement of the order or that Chapter VIII or any part thereof shall not apply to broadcasts and

performances broadcast or performed before the commencement of the order;

(v) in case of ownership of rights of broadcasting organisations and performers, the provisions of

Chapter VIII shall apply with such exceptions and modifications as the Central Government may,

having regard to the law of the foreign country, consider necessary."

41. Provisions as to works of certain international organisations. -(1) Where-

(a) any work is made or first published by or under the direction or control of any organisation to

which this section applies, and

(b) there would, apart from this section, be no copyright in the work in India at the time of the making

or, as the case may be, of the first publication thereof, and

(c) either-

(i) the work is published as aforesaid in pursuance of an agreement in that behalf with the author,

being an agreement which does not reserve to the author the copyright, if any, in the work, or

(ii) under section 17 any copyright in the work would belong to the organisation; there shall, by virtue

of this section, be copyright in the work throughout India.

(2) Any organisation to which this section applies which at the material time had not the legal

capacity of a body corporate shall have and be deemed at all material times to have had the legal

capacity of a body corporate for the purpose of holding, dealing with, and enforcing copyright and in

connection with all legal proceedings relating to copyright.

(3) The organisation to which this section applies are such organisations as the Central Government

may, by

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order published in the Official Gazette, declare to be organisations of which one or more

sovereign powers or the Government or Governments thereof are members to which it is expedient that this section shall apply. 

42. Power to restrict rights in works of foreign authors first published in India. -If it appears to

the Central Government that a foreign country does not give or has not undertaken to give adequate

protection to the works of Indian authors, the Central Government may, by order published in the

Official Gazette, direct that such of the provisions of this Act as confer copyright on works first

published in India shall not apply to works, published after the date specified in the order, the authors

whereof are subjects or citizens of such foreign country and are not domiciled in India, and thereupon

those provisions shall not apply to such works. 

98B

 "42A. If it appears to the Central Government that a foreign country does not give or has not

undertaken to give adequate protection to rights of broadcasting organisations or performers, the

Central Government may, by order published in the Official Gazette, direct that such of the provisions

of this Act as confer right to broadcasting organisations or performers, as the case may be, shall not

apply to broadcasting organisations or performers whereof are based on incorporated in such foreign

country or are subjects or citizens of such foreign country and are not incorporated or domiciled in

India, and thereupon those provisions shall not apply to such broadcasting organisations or

performers."

43. Orders under this Chapter to be laid before Parliament.- Every order made by the Central

Government under this Chapter shall, as soon as may be after it is made, be laid before both Houses

of Parliament and shall be subject to such modifications as Parliament may make during the session

in which it is so laid or the session immediately following.

97. For International Copyright Order, 1991, see Gazette of India, Extraordinary, Pt. II, Sec. 3, No.

561 

98. For Copyright (International Organisations) Order, 1991, see Gazette of India, Pt. II, Sec. 3, No.

561

[98A. Ins. By Act 49 of 1999, Section 5 (wef 15.1.2000)]

[98B. Ins. By Act 49 of 1999, Section 6(wef 15.1.2000)]INDIAN COPYRIGHT ACT, 1957 


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